Future Indefinite Tense – Examples, Rules, Structure (Simple Future Tense)

Future Indefinite Tense Examples, Rules, Sentence Structure (Simple Future Tense). Meaning and Use of Future Indefinite Tense. How to make future indefinite Tense Sentences (Examples) Future Indefinite Tense describes future actions.

What is Future Indefinite Tense?

Future indefinite tense is used to talk about that the action will happen in the future, or we can say that sometime after this moment like a simple past, it is used for actions that will happen quickly, happen over time, or happen repeatedly.

Examples:

  • He will join a new college next year.
  • She will go to church with her family tomorrow.
  • They will play a match on Sunday.
  • I will help you if you come to me.
  • George will celebrate Christmas in the USA.
  • The students will read the new books at the library.
  • You will learn the present indefinite tense.
  • David will help you if you have some money.
  • We shall meet each other at the park tomorrow.
  • The man will not cook the food for us.

Note: In the above sentences, the auxiliary verb will and shall have been used to make simple future tense. The above sentences express future actions.

In this post, you will learn about future indefinite tense with examples, rules, and sentence structures. If you want to read more tense examples, you may read from our website.

Future Indefinite Tense - Examples, Rules, Structure (Simple Future Tense)
Future Indefinite Tense – Examples, Rules, Structure (Simple Future Tense)

Future Indefinite Tense Examples and Definition

Future indefinite tense is used to talk about an action that has not taken place yet and will take place at some point in the future. To make present Indefinite Tense, we use the modal auxiliary verb ‘shall and will’ with the first form of the verb.

For examples;

  • Police will look into the matter tomorrow.
  • I shall try to phone David next evening.
  • It will take five minutes to reach the next station.
  • The government will help the people to set up their own businesses.
  • Don’t send any notice to him. He will pay his dues as soon as possible.
  • We shall study the subject of nuclear attack.

Explanation: The examples of future indefinite tense tell us that we can express future why using the auxiliary verbs shall and will with the base form of the verb.

Future Indefinite Tense Rules

Rule (1) – We use the auxiliary verb shall with the subjects ‘I and We’.

  • I shall meet you tomorrow
  • We shall visit the park on Monday.

Rule (2) – We use the auxiliary verb will with the subjects he, she, it, they,  you, and names of people.

  • He will join our group.
  • She will come here tomorrow.
  • It will rain in the evening.
  • You will find my house easily.
  • Tom will phone you the next day.

Rule (3) – We use the base form of the verb as the main verb with the sentences of future indefinite tense.

  • I shall give you money.
  • He will jump into the river.
  • You will feel better.
  • She will need some money.
  • It will take five hours to read this book.

Rule (4) – If we want to express threat, determination, and strong promise, we use the auxiliary verb will with I and We. We use ‘shall’ with the other subjects like he, she, it, they, you, and names.

  • I will kill that bastard. (Threat)
  • He shall clear his dues. (Determination)
  • We will come to your party (Promise)

Rule (5) In the future tenses we use some time expressing adverbs.

  • He will buy a new phone tomorrow.
  • George will come on Monday.

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Simple Sentences of Future Indefinite Tense

Simple sentences of Future Indefinite Tense follow the given sentence structure. Here are some steps to make simple future tense sentences.

  • First of all, write your subject.
  • Write shall or will according to the subject.
  • After shall or will, write the object of the sentence.
  • Write the other words if there are any.
  • Put the full stop at the last of the sentence.

Structure: Subject + Shall/Will + Verb I (base form) + Object + other words

Examples:

  • I shall send him an email in the morning.
  • You will get a job in the United States of America.
  • She will try to phone you again.
  • Father will establish a new store in the city in January.
  • He is busy now. He will talk to you later.
  • The man will come back after two years.
  • I am out. I will meet you tomorrow.
  • George will repair my old computer on Saturday.
  • We shall celebrate Christmas in Paris.
  • It will take five hours to clean this palace.
  • I shall give you some tickets for the family.
  • I will make a new greeting card for Christmas.
  • He will make a Swift recovery from his illness.
  • He will start a new company soon.
  • They will prepare for the examination.
  • I will give you money if you come to me.
  • She will establish a new company in this city
  • I shall continue my studies in this college.
  • He will deliver my parcel tomorrow.
  • They will water the plants of the garden the next day.
Future Indefinite Tense Examples (Simple Future Tense)
Future Indefinite Tense Examples (Simple Future Tense)

Negative Sentences (Statements)

Negative Sentences of Future Indefinite Tense are formed according to the following sentence structure.

  • We add not after will and shall.
  • We may use its contraction forms won’t/shan’t in the sentences.

Structure: Subject + Will not/Shall not Verb I + Object + other words

Examples:

  • The police will not look for the three thieves.
  • They will not be on holiday after four months.
  • The visitors will not enter the Park from tomorrow.
  • We shall go by train to see our uncle.
  • James and Peter will tell you something tomorrow.
  • Most schools in the USA will not open at the end of July.
  • He will not go to school why was tomorrow.
  • I shall not carry a bag full of energy drinks.
  • We shall not go to Egypt this summer.
  • My friend will not meet a famous singer on her way to work.
  • I won’t reply to your letter anyway.
  • Our sales will not be down because of 20% discount.
  • Alice won’t meet us in the evening because she is in the USA.
  • The CEO of the company will not threaten us to resign.
  • Mr. Mick will not teach English literature at the University from July.
  • The boy won’t participate in the cultural activities.
  • You will not break the rules of the traffic.
  • She will try to get his job back.
  • Sarah will not call her mother after she gets home.
  • Susie is in danger. She won’t open the door.

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Interrogative Sentences (Yes-No Type Questions)

Yes-No Type questions of future indefinite tense are made according to the following sentence structure. In these steps of sentences, we at the auxiliary verb shall or will at the beginning of the sentence.

Structure: Will/Shall +Subject + Verb I (base form) + Object + other words + ?

Examples:

  • Will several students go shopping during the classes
  • Shall we live in our friendly community?
  • Will you go to work by a bus tomorrow?
  • Shall I send you an email after two days?
  • Will she hope to meet him on her way home from work?
  • Will this train arrive on time tomorrow?
  • Will these two candidates qualify for the test?
  • Shall we stay in a hotel room this night?
  • Will he face any difficulty in the future?
  • Shall I forgive his bad behavior?
  • Shall we tolerate the noise of the traffic?
  • Will you open your store at 5 o’clock in the morning?
  • Shall he wash her clothes when he comes back?
  • Will he face any problem with her?
  • I am hungry. Will you give me something to eat?
  • Shall I reply to her letter tomorrow?
  • Will he work in hospital tomorrow?
  • Will it rain when we go out?
  • Will you go to meet your friend in Egypt?
  • Shall we go to the zoo on Sunday afternoon?

Wh-word Type Questions

Wh-word Type Questions of future indefinite tense are made according to the following sentence structure given below. According to the structure, write the question words (what, where, when, how, whom, why, etc) at the beginning of the sentence.

Structure: Question word + will/shall + subject + verb I + other words + ?

Examples:

  • What will he do tomorrow?
  • When will she get this job?
  • Who will clean the kitchen tomorrow?
  • What will you do after two years?
  • When shall we go to the cinema?
  • When will he go to work tomorrow?
  • How many people will come to the party tomorrow?
  • How much gold will you need to make a ring?
  • Which City will you visit the next week?
  • Where will your father stay at night?
  • When will you go to learn English?
  • Who will teach you future indefinite tense?
  • When will you bring the tickets for me?
  • How shall I go through the forest at night?
  • Which book will you read this week?
  • Which movie will you see at the cinema hall on Sunday?
  • Where shall I go by bus today?
  • What will happen there when you sing a song?
  • Where will your father sell a few of these animals soon?
  • Who will make clothes for your mother?

Interrogative Negative Sentences (Questions)

To make interrogative sentences (questions), We put ‘not’ after the subject (noun/pronoun) in the sentences. Let’s see the sentence structure given below;

Structure: Question word + will/shall + subject + not + verb I + object +other words + ?

Examples:

  • Will your mother not cook food today?
  • Will the people in this city not lock their doors?
  • Shall we not recognize him if he comes in the dress?
  • Will your teacher not explain this lesson again?
  • Shall we not meet our friends together in the house?
  • Will he not send your father something?
  • Shall I not listen to you if you say something to me?
  • Will he not work with these colleagues?
  • Will Tom not go through the forest?
  • Shall we not swim in your swimming pool this Sunday?
  • Why shall I not take this medicine from 1 July?
  • Who will not teach these people later?
  • When will they not have their meal?
  • What will she not operate this evening?
  • How shall I not swim across this river?

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Use of Future Indefinite Tense

Future indefinite tense is used to talk about an action that will happen in the future. When future events are given in advance or hope, thought, belief or doubt, etc. is made about them, then in those sentences, Future Indefinite Tense should be used. For examples;

  • I will meet you in the garden tonight.
  • Our family will not go for a walk today.
  • He will not go to the USA after two days.
  • You guys will not read this newspaper tomorrow.
  • He will come here tomorrow.
  • My sister will not go to the University of California to study.
  • The man will invite his friends to the party.

Use of Will and Be Going to

We can use ‘be going to’ to express simple future actions instead of will because ‘will’ and ‘be going to have the same meaning. We can use it well and we going to talk about predictions that will happen in the future.

Examples:

  • George will buy a new house next month.
  • George is going to buy a new house next month.

(The above sentences are expressing that George will buy a new house next month.)

  • He tells me that he will take a leave to attend tomorrow.
  • He tells me that he is going to take a leave tomorrow.

The above sentences are expressing that someone is going to take on leave from the office.)

Remember:

(1) You should not use ‘be going to’ you if you are promising to do something for someone. The use of ‘will‘ will be perfect for these kinds of sentences. For examples;

Tom: I can’t find my purse. I have no money.
Jack: Don’t worry. I am going to will give you some money from my purse.

George: Sarah! Look at that old man his time to cross the road.
Sarah: George! No worries! I am going to will help him cross the road.

In the above sentences, we have used ‘will‘ instead of ‘is going to’ because it looks strange here.

(2) We can use be going to when we are describing something that was made in the past what it will be completed in the future. For examples;

Freddie: James! Why are you so happy today?
James: I am happy because. I am going to buy a new phone tomorrow.

Use of Future Indefinite Tense in the Conditional Sentences

Future indefinite tense is used to express the probable condition in conditional sentences. Such sentences begin with ‘if’ and both its clauses are in the future tense. The condition in these sentences is likely to be fulfilled, in such sentences, If the clause is made in the present indefinite tense and main clause sentences in the future indefinite tense.

Examples:

  • If he closes the door, they will not enter the door.
  • If she kills an animal, the police will arrest her.
  • If I beat my children, they will weep.
  • If you don’t use this phone. It won’t work again.
  • If he does not pass this test, you will not get this job.

Note: In sentences with Probable Condition, sometimes both the sentences are given either in Present Tense or Main Sentence is Imperative Sentence, in which case the clause is made in the same tense in which it is given.

  • If you want to listen to the story, go and sit there.
  • If she doesn’t want to stay here, she may leave.

Other ways of expressing future

The following sentence structures are used to express future actions.

(A) we can express the future actions by using the sentence structure;  Subject + has/have + Infinitive (to+verb I).

Examples:

  • She has to join the club.
  • We have to clear out dues
  • I have to sell my old bike.
  • The workers have to come in time.
  • We have to win this match at any cost.

(B) The second sentence structure to express future actions is; Subject + is/am/are + infinitive (to +Verb I)

Examples:

  • We are to reach the station on time.
  • I am to join your party tomorrow.
  • We are to cross the river.
  • They are to play the match in the morning.
  • The singer is to sing a song in the show.

(C) we can express the future why using the sentence structure; Subject + is/am/are + about + infinitive (to + verb I)

Examples:

  • We are about to leave from here.
  • They are about to play the match.
  • Our teacher is about to explain the chapter.
  • I am about to write a letter to my father.
  • She is about to buy a new vacuum cleaner.

Watch the video on future indefinite tense

Conclusion

Future indefinite tense is formed by using the modal auxiliary verb shall and will. It is also called the simple future tense. It is used to talk about future actions. We should be careful while using this tense. In this post, you have learned about the future indefinite tense examples, rules and sentence structures.

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